What is primary ovarian insufficiency, and how does it affect you?
The loss of normal ovarian function and decreased fertility before 40 is known as primary ovarian insufficiency. These symptoms may start as early as puberty in some women. Since ovarian function is unpredictable, the word “insufficiency” is preferred over “failure.” Just about 5% to 10% of women with primary ovarian insufficiency can conceive.
Hot flashes, night sweats, reduced sexual appetite, vaginal dryness, difficulty getting pregnant, and difficulty focusing are only a few symptoms.
Treatment aims to ovarian insufficiency symptoms using hormone therapy and other supplements. Any woman who wants to start a family may need additional help.
If you are having signs of ovarian insufficiency after pregnancy or are worried about your menstrual cycle in some way, you should seek medical advice.
Main ovarian insufficiency signs
*Key signs and symptoms
Primary ovarian insufficiency symptoms are somewhat similar to menopause symptoms (even though they are not the same condition). Since both primary ovarian insufficiency and menopause are caused by a lack/deficiency of estrogen released by the ovaries, the symptoms are identical. The following are some of the ovarian insufficiency symptoms:
The following are potential complications of primary ovarian insufficiency.
Main ovarian insufficiency treatment options, relief, and prevention
The signs of estrogen deficiency are addressed in the ovarian insufficiency treatment.
Estrogen replacement therapy
Replacing estrogen in the body will raise levels and protect against osteoporosis. Estrogen therapy can also help with symptoms, including hot flashes and dry skin. To protect the uterine lining from changes that can lead to cancer when too much estrogen is given alone, the doctor will prescribe estrogen with another hormone called progesterone. The use of estrogen plus progesterone has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease and breast cancer for a long time. Hormone therapy, on the other hand, outweighs the risks in young women with primary ovarian insufficiency.
Supplements of calcium and vitamin D
Both of these compounds are important for osteoporosis prevention. If your baseline bone density is found to be poor, your physician may decide to start supplementation because you may not get enough from your diet or sunlight. Unfortunately, there is no simple cure for primary ovarian insufficiency-related fertility problems. Fertility cannot be recovered, but you should speak to your doctor about other ovarian insufficiency pregnancy choices like in vitro fertilization and infant alternatives like adoption or surrogacy.