If you and your partner are dealing with infertility, you’ve probably heard of the term ‘IUI Treatment’, and you’ve wondered, ‘What is IUI?’ and ‘How is it performed?’. This post will introduce you to IUI treatment and its procedure, so continue reading. 

According to research,15% of couples suffer from infertility during childbearing age. IUI is the first in-aid treatment for unknown and mild infertility factors, such as low sperm count and motility (in males), PCOS, mild endometriosis, cervical mucus, etc. IUI treatment assists with the insemination process for the natural fertilization of eggs by the sperm. 

What is IUI treatment for infertility?

IUI, short for Intrauterine Insemination, is an assisted reproductive technique (ART) used for infertility treatments. In this treatment, the uterus is artificially inseminated with a processed sperm sample, concentrated in high-quality active sperm, to facilitate natural fertilization inside the uterus (hence named intrauterine). IUI treatment aims to increase the population of sperm that reaches the fallopian tube during ovulation, increasing the likelihood of fertilization. 

In the process of natural conception, the sperm has to travel through the vaginal opening to the uterus via the cervix and finally to the fallopian tube, where it encounters the eggs and fertilizes one or more eggs. The fertilized egg(s) travels to the uterus and develops into an embryo that implants on the uterine wall for fetal development. 

However, if the sperm can’t reach the fallopian tubes, if their population is too low, or if ovulation is absent and there aren’t enough eggs, then sperm might not be able to fertilize an egg, causing infertility.

In IUI treatment, the active sperm sample is injected directly inside the uterus, which boosts sperm to reach the eggs at the right time. This process of artificial insemination increases the chances of natural conception. 

When is IUI Treatment recommended?

Suppose a couple or individual is experiencing infertility and can’t conceive naturally, even with the help of fertility drugs. In that case, IUI treatment is recommended for the couple or individuals in the following cases: 

IUI is not effective for all infertility factors, and if IUI treatment couldn’t help with infertility even after multiple cycles, then IVF treatment is recommended to the patients. For instance, IVF treatment is more effective for women over 35; therefore, IUI treatment is rarely suggested to older women. 

The procedure of IUI Treatment: Step-wise-Step Guide

IUI is a simple, quick and pain-free fertility treatment. There are two basic IUI treatments; Natural cycle IUI treatment and IUI treatment with ovarian stimulation medication. A natural IUI cycle is suggested if the woman is ovulating just fine. Otherwise, the alternative is IUI treatment with ovulation medication. 


All fertility clinics start treatments with the diagnosis of infertility. The fertility specialist will ask for your medical history and refer you and your partner for blood tests, transvaginal ultrasound and semen analysis. If you and your fertility specialist conclude that IUI is an optimal choice for your Infertility treatment based on the diagnosis; the procedure follows: 

Ovarian Stimulation

For IUI treatment, a woman must produce enough healthy eggs for fertilization. 

Sperm Sample Collection

Insemination Procedure

The final procedure is to inject sperm inside the uterus. The Insemination procedure is performed in an outpatient setting at your doctor’s office around the estimated time of ovulation. 


Pregnancy Test: You can take a pregnancy test approximately two weeks after the IUI procedure. 

Benefits of IUI Treatments

Risks and Complications of IUI Treatment? 

Success Rate of IUI Treatment

The average pregnancy rate for IUI treatment lies between 10-15%. Moreover, the success rates of IUI treatment are a variable factor influenced by age, the severity of infertility, and patients’ medical history. The Success rates for IUI treatment are lower than more complex fertility treatments such as IVF. Risaa IVF has the highest IUI success rate of 15-20%. 

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