If you are thinking to have a baby and things do not turn around as you expected, it can be a devastating situation for everyone involved. A common reason behind this heartbreak can be a molar pregnancy.
A molar pregnancy is a condition, also called hydatidiform mole, where the placenta and fetus fail to develop properly causing fertility issues. Therefore, instead of occurrence of a viable pregnancy, an abnormal set of water-filled cysts are formed.
Molar pregnancy can prevail in two ways: partial molar pregnancy and complete molar pregnancy.
What does partial molar pregnancy mean?
A partial molar pregnancy is a type of molar pregnancy where an abnormal pregnancy is diagnosed where the embryo fails to mature completely or does not develop at all. Instead of embryos being formed, small grape-shaped cluster of cysts are observed.
Around 1 in every 1,000 pregnancies is molar pregnancies. It’s an unfortunate event and not under your control. It is just a matter of bad luck.
What is a complete molar pregnancy?
In a complete molar pregnancy, the egg has no genetic information and fails to convert into a fetus. Hence, it continues to grow as a lump of abnormal tissue observed as a cluster of grape-like cysts spreading in the uterus.
How is a molar pregnancy diagnosed?
The most astonishing part about molar pregnancy is that you are in the misconception that you are pregnant since your hCG levels are indicated high. You will be experiencing the typical pregnancy system and everything will look fine. Only through an ultrasound scan, a molar pregnancy can be detected. This is why women who are pregnant are advised to get an ultrasound scan at 6 or 7 weeks to confirm the possibility of having a molar pregnancy.
This is the perfect time to detect a complete molar pregnancy. However, in partial molar pregnancy, it can be diagnosed at a later stage since it duplicates a normal fetus. In most cases, a molar pregnancy can be identified after a miscarriage.
What are the symptoms if I have a molar pregnancy?
- Vaginal bleeding
- Abnormally enlarged uterus
- Severe nausea and vomiting
- Irregular heartbeats
- Excessive sweating
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Vaginal discharge of tissue in grape-like shapes
The symptoms are similar to that of a normal pregnancy, multiple pregnancy or miscarriage.
What are the common causes of a molar pregnancy?
- Complete Molar Pregnancy
- Partial Molar Pregnancy
- Women above 35 years of age have higher risk of molar pregnancy
- History of molar pregnancy
- History of miscarriage
How can molar pregnancy be diagnosed?
- A pelvic examination
- A blood test to analyze your pregnancy hormones
- A pelvic ultrasound
How can molar pregnancy be treated for having a successful pregnancy in future?
Dilation and curettage (D&C)
In a D&C procedure, the concerned doctor will extract the molar tissue from your uterus. It takes only about 15-30 minutes and is performed as an outpatient procedure at hospitals. The patient is administered with a local anesthesia and the doctor conducts a pelvic examination to investigate your cervix and extract the uterine tissue through a vacuum device.
If the molar tissue is at its advanced stage, there are least possible chances of having future pregnancies. At last, you will require a Hysterectomy.
Once the molar tissue is removed from your uterus, the doctor repeats your hCG level test till it becomes normal. If hCG is evident in your blood, an additional treatment is needed. You’re your molar pregnancy treatment is completed; the doctor may measure your hCG levels routinely to ensure there is no residual molar tissue.
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