It is a bacterial infection usually occurs in the lungs. But it also affects other parts like; bones, uterus, kidney, nervous system and the brain.
The infection when spread from lungs to other part of the body is known as an active TB.
Symptoms of an active TB:
- Constant cough with phlegm and sometimes bloody.
- Chest pain
- Weight loss
- Weakness and fatigue
- Loss of appetite
Some symptoms like tiredness and nausea are common symptoms of pregnancy too. So it is very difficult to diagnose TB during pregnancy.
If you are coughing up phlegm (sputum) for more than three weeks during pregnancy, better you should go for sputum test.
Impact of TB on a baby:
If you don’t detect and treat TB in its early stage, it may cause greater harm to your baby’s health. And there is a possibility of:
- Baby my may born prematurely
- Baby may be born with low birth weight
- In rare case, but there is a chance that baby may be born with TB
Treatment of TB during pregnancy:
You can fully cure your TB if you detect it early. TB is caused by bacteria and so there is a course of an antibiotic needed, without any interruption. This course goes between sixth and nine months. This treatment might get extended according to the severity of the case.
Is TB medicines are safe for baby?
Most of the TB medicines are safe for the infant inside womb. Doctors generally advice to take vitamin B6 along with your TB medicine, to reduce the chances of side effect of medicines.
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