Amniocentesis is known as pre natal test, in which we take a small amount of amniotic fluid from the sac surrounding the fetus and test it in the laboratory. This small sample is taken with the help of needle, by inserting it into the uterus through abdomen. All these procedure is performed under the ultrasound guidance.
Amniocentesis is performed to:
Check certain birth defects such as, Down syndrome which is a chromosomal abnormality. Amniocentesis is also done to detect certain conditions when parents have a significant genetic risk such as:
- Down syndrome
- Cystic fibrosis
- Sickle cell disease
- Muscular dystrophy
- Tay- Sachs
Why ultra sound at the time of amniocentesis test is required?
Ultra sound test is necessary with amniocentesis test as it detects the birth defects of a child. These defects are cleft lip, cleft palate, club foot or heart defects.
Amniocentesis test in the third trimester of pregnancy:
An amniocentesis test is very important during third trimester of pregnancy, because it evaluate the infection in amniotic fluid, and also determines the maturity of baby’s lungs for delivery.
Amniocentesis test duration:
It is normally been performed between the 15th and 18th week of pregnancy.
Risk factors during amniocentesis:
There is less than 1% possibility of miscarriage, or more correctly, miscarriage is only 1 in 200 to 1 in 400.
Some potential complications like, injury to the mother or baby, preterm labor and infection are likely to happen, but again it is extremely rare.
Can I go for amniocentesis?
Yes! As you will be given thorough information about the risk factors and benefits associated with this test by your doctor. And it is completely depends upon your consent, whether or not you want this test.
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